Some want the European Union and its institutions to reform; others like it as it is.
Last year, the EU’s focus was on survival; this year it will be on reform. The United Kingdom’s decision to leave the bloc and electoral victories against Eurosceptics -- notably in France -- have given momentum to those hoping to reshape the EU and the euro-area. French President Emmanuel Macron has put forward ambitious ideas, but any euro-area reform must wait on a new German government. Progress in defence and security may be more rapid. Brussels and London aim to conclude a withdrawal agreement by autumn to allow time for ratification before the United Kingdom leaves in March next year.
- Will Paris and Berlin revive the French-German axis and drive EU reform?
- Will Italy’s elections yield a conclusive result?
- How likely is that the United Kingdom leaves the EU without a deal?
- Does the euro-area need another crisis to reform?
Director of European and Eurasian StudiesJohns Hopkins University SAIS
Professor of European Politics and Foreign AffairsKing's College London
Post-Doc fellow at the Department of Cultures, Politics and SocietyUniversity of Turin