The world has at last woken up to a grim reality: we are rarely so vulnerable as when we are ‘online’. Firms, governments and ordinary citizens need to understand the growing risks to their digital assets.
The price of digital security is eternal vigilance. The cybersphere offers rich opportunities for troublemakers, from lone wolf hackers to nation states, to steal, subvert and sow confusion on a scale denied them in a pre-digital age. The US National Democratic Committee and Yahoo are merely among the recent, well-publicised, casualties. Infinitely more damage is being inflicted almost hourly on corporations, governments and individuals beneath the radar of publicity. It takes the form of fraud, data/IP theft, espionage, business disruption, terrorism and much more. Connectivity is set to expand exponentially in an era of automation and artificial intelligence. Can we ever realistically expect to protect the 'digital commons' from its determined, resourceful enemies?
- Cyberwar and cyberlaw: Is a legal framework emerging that can help police the digital space?
- Origins and attributions: Which states are the most energetic offenders when it comes to cyberattacks and why?
- Safety first: What premium must firms and governments pay to protect their digital assets? Do insurance solutions exist?
Senior Lecturer in International RelationsUniversity of Oxford
Head, Cyber Defence SectionNATO Headquarters, Brussels
Visiting professor, War Studies DepartmentKing's College London and PSIA Sciences-Po Paris