Risks vie with opportunities across the continent. The key is to find out where they are.
Over the course of the past year, countries across sub-Saharan Africa have seen economic growth falter, political crises emerge or conflict return. Such problems are the result of endogenous and exogenous factors, some of which are likely to persist. Yet several African economies are growing comfortably above the global average, innovation is sparking change and populations are expanding.
The risks are relatively easy to identify. The opportunities are less easy to detect but no less promising for that. Indeed, they should figure large in a balanced assessment of the outlook for a complex, diverse region:
- Is Mozambique’s debt crisis a sign of things to come across the region?
- Can Nigeria and South Africa transition from recession to long-term sustainable growth?
- Where do Africa’s emerging middle class(es) stand now?
- What effect will shifting international governance and institutions have on African political systems?
Professor of Democracy & International DevelopmentBirmingham University
Associate Professor in African Politics & Official FellowUniversity of Oxford
Associate ProfessorRoskilde University, Denmark