James is chairman of APCO Worldwide’s Greater China Region where he advises multi-national businesses on their China strategy. A former chairman of the American Chamber of Commerce in China, he previously served as chief executive of Dow Jones & Company in China and bureau chief for the Wall Street Journal in Mainland China. He also founded and led a China-focused consulting and research firm for hedge funds. James is author of two highly regarded books: 'No Ancient Wisdom, No Followers: The Challenges of Chinese Authoritarian Capitalism', and 'One Billion Customers: Lessons from the Front Lines of Doing Business in China'. He also wrote the noted APCO monograph China’s Drive for Indigenous Innovation—A Web of Industrial Policies. He is a member of the Council on Foreign Relations, National Committee on U.S.-China Relations, the International Council of Asia Society and a board member of the U.S.-China Education Trust. James has lived in China for nearly three decades and is fluent in Chinese. He splits his time between Shanghai and Beijing.